Area: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km).
Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: Blue, yellow and red.
Population: 19,651,000 (March 2014).
Main Ethnic Groups: Romanian 84%, Hungarian 6.1%, Rromani 3.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.2%.
Religions: Christian Orthodox 81%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, Reformed 3%, Greek-Catholic 0.7%, Unitarian 0.3%, Jewish, other.
Official Language: Romanian.
Currency: Romanian Leu (RON), (plural Lei).
Climate: Temperate, four distinct seasons.
Capital: Bucharest (București).
Form of State: Romania is a semi-parliamentary democracy based on a bicameral Parliament: the Chamber of Representatives (Camera Deputaţilor) and the Senate (Senat). All members of the legislature are directly elected from Romania’s 41 counties).
Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
Head of State: President of the Republic, currently Mr.Klaus Werner Iohannis (elected on December 21, 2014).
Head of the Government: the Prime Minister, currently Mr. Dacian Cioloș.
Regional Government: Forty-one County Councils (Consiliu Judeţean).
Romania is a member state of the European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
WILD LIFE WATCHING
Romania is being known as “bears’ sanctuary” because 40% of the European brown bear population lives here (about 6000 individuals).
Romania is offering a diversity of natural parks and natural protected areas (27 national and natural parks), the forests are very well preserved and the animal life includes bears, wolves, lynx, deer, aurochs(Romanian bour), boars and, in the highest regions, chamois and marmots.
Danube Delta Bird Watching Hundreds of species of birds call the Danube Delta home — at least from late Spring until mid-Fall. Bird-watchers do not need any equipment (although binoculars help), no licence is required, and there are plenty of locations throughout the Danube Delta to watch fowl in their natural habitat. Most bird-watchers are lucky enough to spot Black Pelican colonies.
The Carpathian mountain range forms a huge arc in the centre of Romania. In fact, 31% of the country is mountainous. Within this range are innumerable places of natural beauty: mountain peaks, gorges, lakes, forests, caves, mud volcanoes and fossil deposits. I
t is very easy to find a great hiking trail. Romania has more than 400 parks and nature reservations protecting hundreds of species of flora and fauna. The variety of terrain, from mountainous to gentle, offers something for every hiker regardless of skill or level. Rock-climbing enthusiasts should head for the main rock-climbing gateways: Busteni, Sinaia, Zarnesti and Petrosani.
Get close to Romania’s natural beauty by spending a few nights camping beside one of its many rivers or one of its magnificent mountains. From late Spring until early Summer nature lovers flock to Romania’s camping areas to enjoy an abundance of nearby attractions. For more information on the 69 camping sites licenced by the Romanian National Tourism Authority or to request a camping site map, please contact the nearest Romanian Tourist Information Office.
With a terrain that ranges from steep and challenging to gentle and pleasant, Romania offers bikers of all skills and levels something to enjoy along its bike trails. Magnificent scenery offered by trails through woods or traditional villages invite bikers to stop quite often.
Romania’s Carpathian mountains and rural areas offer excellent possibilities for Horseback Riding vacations.
With more than 160 species of game fish, the Danube Delta is truly a fisherman’s paradise. Trophy-size catfish, carp, pike, sturgeon and more thrive in the hundreds of lakes and rivers that dot the land of Romania. Fishing is permitted in any lake or river of Romania, year round, except from April 1 until May 31.
Best known Golf Courses in Romania are:
Lac de Verde – Breaza
Clubul Diplomatilor (Diplomat Club) – Bucharest
Pianu de Jos
Most popular rafting rivers are Crisul Repede, Jiu, Cerna and Nera.
A multitude of mountain resorts offer slopes from novice to challenging. Many of these resorts offer a multitude of other activities including cross-country skiing, snowboarding and tubing. The highest ski point in Romania has an altitude of 6,600 ft. The major ski resorts are Poiana Brasov, Sinaia, Predeal, Paltinis and Runcu.
For detailed information about Romania’s ski resorts please visit www.skiresorts.ro
Romania is proud with Emil Racovita, founder of the 1st Speleological Institute in the world, and represents a first class caving destination with an impressive number of caves (1/3 of Europe’s caves, more than 12.000 caves), many of which have never been properly explored.
Places to see:
– ice caves ( Scarisoara Cave, Cave of Living Fire);
– The Ialomicioara Cave (The Bugegi Mountains with a small church at the entrance);
– natural monuments in Romania is Muerilor Cave (The Cave of the Women) is a natural monument where you can visit the Bat Gallery, there are many bat colonies and the Bears’ Gallery, which has a lot of fossils of the prehistoric bear;
– Ursilor Cave (The Cave of the Bears) – there are a lot of well preserved parts of skeletons of ancient bears (the species is as Ursus Spelaeus and disappeared 15000 years ago).
calendar of events
Information for general use ….