City Stefanesti Arges county was founded as a result of the declaration that the village Stefanesti city, Arges county by Law no. 83 of 05.04.2004. Under this law, the villages belonging Stefanesti city are: Stefanesti, Enculesti, Golesti, Izvorani Stefanestii-Noi, Great Valley Vineyard, Viisoara, Zavoi.
Stefanesti City covers an area of 60 km, bordering southwest of Pitesti, for N – V and N Maracineni commune and Mioveni, for E Calinesti, for S Oarja communes and Bradu, according to city map Stefanesti (part of the present Statute).
Stefanesti City is located in the central – southern county of Arges, southeast of Pitesti, at the intersection of 44 53 ‘north latitude and the meridian of 24 56’ east longitude. 18 km north of parallel 45 passing and not far from the eastern border of the city passes the meridian of longitude 25 east, these two geographical coordinates showing us in the central city location – south of the country.
Stefanesti is considered one of the oldest human settlements in the area, archaeological research leading to the discovery of ancient stone axes approximately 4500-6000 years of VRAM coins dating from Dacian (in Targu area – Hill) and the deposits of clay pots early feudal era.
The oldest of the city perimeter, respectively Golesti and Stefanesti, are recorded in a document issued on 5 August 1452, by which prince Vladislav II – strengthens more properties of landowners in the area. Third place in the order they appear in documents, is Izvorani, which, in 1493, Prince Vlad the Monk donates a living Glavavioc Monastery, located in south
current county Arges. Great Valley title first appears in a document issued by the ruler Patrascu the Good, the father of Michael the Brave, when, delineating the properties of landowners and those of some monasteries, the Great Valley Water reminds the boundary between these properties.
We meet also in documents as owners of land in the territory of the present town Stefanesti, Michael the Brave, Buzesti brothers, Matei Basarab, Constantin Brancoveanu, Golesti family, Bratianu family. From Matei Basarab we stayed in Albesti stone cross, which regulate ruler vinariciu obligations, to prevent abuses that would gather these dari officials from manufacturers, cross what is in front of Stefanesti Cultural House. In the Great Valley mansion are preserved ruins of Constantin Brancoveanu; house (now Memorial Museum) who lived in the greatest novelist of the nation Romanian Liviu Rebreanu and large villa former actress Lucia Sturza Bulandra.
Also within the city Stefanesti hear it Golesti family mansion (now the Museum Golesti) and the former mansion ,, Florica ‘family that gave the country two of the makers of modern Romania, respectively IC Ionel Bratianu and his son BC Bratianu – personalities that binds events into account the history of our country, and we Revolution of 1848, the Union of the Principalities of 1859, during the War of Independence from 1877-1878 and Roman National Unitary State after World War during 1916-1918 .
It has a temperate continental climate transition is specific to Central Europe, with four distinct seasons, spring, summer, autumn and winter. Local climatic differences is due more to the altitude and latitude, ie less than the oceanic influences from the west of the Mediterranean from the southwest and the continental east.
Average annual temperatures decrease slightly to the south (10 ° -11 ° C) to the north (8.5 ° -9 ° C) variation due both latitude and relief distribution country. Also, the temperature decreases as altitude increases (decreases by 6 degrees every 1000 m.) Maximum annual average temperatures range between 22 ° C and 24 ° C in summer and between -3 ° C and -5 ° C winter. Extreme temperatures were recorded in Romania -38.5 ° C at Bod (Brasov) , on January 25, 1942, and + 44.5 ° C at Ion Sion (Braila county), on August 10, 1951.
Average annual precipitation will gradually decrease oceanic and Mediterranean influences, decreased slightly from west to east. Average annual rainfall (calculated across) is 637 mm annually, with values significantly higher in mountain areas (1000-1400 mm / year, the resort Stana de Vale is considered “pole rain in Romania”) and progressively lower east Bărăgan being below 500 mm / year, and in Dobrogea and the Danube Delta falling below 400 mm / year .
Summer is a hot season, which lasts from early May to mid-September in southern and western plains. In southern Romania there are over 40 days “tropical” (with temperatures over 30 degrees Celsius) and over 90 summer days (with temperatures over 25 degrees Celsius). The highest temperature in Romania is 44.5 degrees Celsius, and was recorded at Ion Sion, near Braila, on August 10, 1951. Often appearing summer storms with heavy rainfall.
Note that in mountainous areas of northern and central temperate summer is a season with little rain or summer days, cool nights and.
Autumn is a season shorter transition, with long periods of drought alternating with periods of rain. In the second part of wine first frosts of October and in November the first snowfalls. In the plains, they often manifests itself later than in the country.
Winter is a cold season, the cold air masses coming from the East bring temperatures down to -20 degrees Celsius or below (-38.5 degrees Celsius record is at Bod, near Brasov, registered on 25 January 1942). Snow is abundant compared to other European countries, so the lack of rainfall and due to frequent temperature increases. In South and West in particular, the snow melts and restore several times during a winter.
Spring is another season of transition, relatively short. The temperature rose rapidly, disappearing frost in April.
The average annual temperature ranges from 11 degrees Celsius in the Danube valley, to 6 degrees Celsius in Harghita. The average temperature ranges between 26 July and 18 degrees Celsius throughout the regions. In January, the temperature ranges from 0 ° C (at Herculane or Mangalia) to -6 degrees Celsius (depressions).